The Relationship Between Religion and Social Institutions


Religion has a very powerful influence on our societies and daily lives. It shapes everything from Sunday afternoon activities to the justification for mass suicide. It is embedded in political platforms, business models, and even constitutional laws. It has also historically provided the rationale for countless wars. There are many aspects to religion that are fascinating to study.

Evolutionary psychology

There is a relationship between evolution and religion. Both theories are based on the belief that evolution is a natural process, and religion is a product of human nature. But, there are differences between the two perspectives. Evolutionary psychology touches on Creationism only very lightly. The main point of contention between religious individuals and evolutionists is the origins of life.

Social institution

Religion has a significant presence in our social life. Many studies have documented how religion affects our behavior and the way we live. These studies have explored the relationships between religion and race, family, and voting habits. However, in recent years, research has also shown the influence of religion on other social institutions such as health and gender scripts. Even military rituals and crime patterns can be influenced by religious beliefs. This Handbook of Religion and Social Institutions examines the relationship between religion and the major social institutions of modern societies.

Religious practice

A recent study examined the relationship between spirituality and religious practice in breast cancer survivors. The researchers assessed the relation between spiritual well-being and religious practice in a sample of 130 patients. The results showed a significant association between spiritual well-being and traumatic stress, but no significant relation between religious practice and QoL. However, the findings suggest that spiritual well-being can be an important aspect of cancer treatment for clinicians to consider.


Theodicy in religion is a philosophical problem that seeks to reconcile traditional claims about God’s goodness and power with human suffering. It is also concerned with the nature of evil and the role of imagination.


The basic purpose of religion is to connect people with God, and inspire them to live a life of holiness. Different religions have different understandings of what this means. In any case, people are encouraged to practice the rituals and practices of their religion in an effort to achieve these goals.


A basic function of religion is to give people a sense of identity. It can also be used to cope with the problems of everyday life. Many studies have shown that those who follow a religion are happier than those who do not. Furthermore, religious beliefs can promote good physical health. People who practice religion tend to live longer than non-religious people.


It is important for adherents of one religion to be able to criticize the beliefs of a different faith. Sometimes, the differences in beliefs are profound, involving issues of salvation and the will of God. While such discussions are intense and should be treated with care, they must also remain respectful.